Throw away any infected bulbs and do not plant onions, leeks, or … Onions need around 4 months to mature. These varieties are suitable for storage, enabling farmers to wait until they can receive best prices for their produce. The amount of sunlight that onions receive every day has to be exactly right before bulb formation takes place. If you live in the south, choose a short-day variety, like Red Bull. Wine farmers go to court in a bid to overturn liquor... Go-ahead given for ivermectin use against COVID-19. Grow in … Onions are best rotated with legumes like peas, beans etc. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Bill Kerr offers basic guidelines for success. Place them about an inch (2.5 cm.) In warm short-day areas that are frost free or receive little frost, you can sow in late February and March and transplant when the plants are ready. Rainy spells in late spring and early summer reduce quality, particularly keeping quality. Join our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter. When a variety matures too far into the rainy season in the north, disease becomes a much greater hazard. The last 3 weeks before harvesting the weather should be absolutely rain free. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Alternatively, in spring, plant heat-treated onion sets, into soil that has had large stones and weeds … Contact us | We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs. iPad or You should start out seeds indoors to give them more time to grow. Onions are propagated from seed, either by raising and transplanting seedlings or by direct seeding. Onion medical advantages and restorative worth of Onion Farming in South Africa. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Climate zones | Time for Planting Onions From leeks and shallots to red salad onions, the members of the onion family are an incredibly versatile lot and they’re wonderful crops to grow at home too. This will allow you to use your workers more effectively, as they do not have to harvest the entire crop at the same time. Vegetables and herbs to plant | Feeding. ‘Red Creole’ (short day) and ‘Hanna’ (hybrid) can also be grown in the areas suitable for intermediate cultivars – from Kimberly downwards, and again from April to the end of May. The Best Time to Plant Green Onions. You'll be much happier with the results. Gently push the sets into soft, well-worked soil so that the tip is just showing, and firm the soil around them. Farmers have always selected onion varieties that suit their day length and season. However, later-maturing varieties can be left in the ground for a further week or more, depending on the variety. (Best months for growing Onion in South Africa - Summer rainfall regions), S = Plant undercover in seed trays T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings, Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply, All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately, Your donation (via PayPal) will help support and improve Gardenate, Put Gardenate in your pocket. Notes. Best planted at ... Space plants: 5 - 10 cm apart. They’re not particularly fussy, but they will do best in a sunny spot with rich, well-draining soil and plenty of water. A few onions with bolt can, however, be an important tool to help you fine-tune planting according to the conditions in your area. Not normally required, though can be given a liquid feed in spring. In the southern region, where intermediate varieties are grown, the planting date is much later because the type of onion grown here only matures much later in December or January. Get our app for iPhone, Transplanted seedlings are spaced 230-300mm X 50-75mm; 1.6 Rotation. Better yield is achieved in short-day areas with late-maturing varieties, because they have a longer growing period (the planting date remains the same for early and late types). Onions are a cool-season crop and can stand temperatures well below freezing. If you are planting seed, they will need to go in the ground 3 to 4 weeks earlier than onion sets. If you use sets or transplants, plant them ¾ in… Eat the extra plants as green onions. How To Plant . When a lot of people plant onions, they don’t start their own seeds. When seeding onions for bulbs, plant them ¼ inch deep during October through December. Allow onions to dry before storing. Harvest in 25-34 weeks. Resistance: is the ability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and development of a specified pest or pathogen and/or the damage they cause when compared to susceptible plant varieties under similar environmental conditions and pest or pathogen pressure. Short-day varieties are normally planted in the north, but you should avoid the Australian brown variety that is available here, as it is unsuitable for growing at a latitude north of Bloemfontein. In clay soil, grow in raised beds or rows. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. If planting rows, space them at least one and half to two feet (.45 to.61 m.) apart. Ideally, outdoor temperatures shouldn’t dip below 28°F (-2°C) after planting. Energy that should be used for bulb forming is directed to the seed stalk and flower instead. Because of this, they are best suited to being grown in northern states. Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests. Some varieties are more prone to bolting than others, but the important factor is planting time. Most storage onions are long-day varieties, meaning they require 14 hours or more of sunlight to grow properly. Once established, transplant seedlings into the garden, 10-15cm apart. Count back 4 and ½ months back so that you can harvest at the end of December. About Gardenate | Birds can be a problem lifting the new … Seed A rural community with an Emergent Farmer Development programme. Sow onion seed indoors as early as January, so they are large enough to plant out in spring. Conditions can vary in provinces which also needs to be taken into account. Compatible with (can grow beside): Lemon Balm, Borage, Carrots, Beets, Silverbeet, Lettuce, Amaranth. They are best sown during the New Moon or First Quarter phases. This is a result of plants growing larger in the warmer winter months and also having a longer period to grow, because they were planted earlier than those in cold areas. Tilapia farming: Untapped SA market holds opportunity for growth, Backyard broiler business: Start small, dream big, Growing garlic: a golden opportunity for SA farmers, How an agripreneur is creating jobs for his community, On a quest to breed ‘the perfect Brahman’, Latest crop estimates show gains in maize, soya beans, Cost of diesel expected to continue rising throughout 2021, Nampo 2021, decision on date change and format expected soon, Intensive sheep farm achieves 180% per year weaning rate. Sowing They grow onions that mature in midsummer, so there is plenty of time from winter until then to regulate growth in order to obtain the size and yield required. Water in dry conditions and keep weed free. Eastern CapeFreestateGautengKwazulu NatalLimpopoMpumalangaNorth WestNorthern CapeWestern Cape Please keep in mind that this is a guideline. This higher yield can often make up for the lower price received later in the season. 24 Jun 20, Jimmy Spear (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate), 25 Jun 20, (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 25 May 20, Mlungisi Zwane (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 25 May 20, Liz (New Zealand - temperate climate), 11 May 20, Caswell Tlali (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 22 May 20, Anonymous (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 12 May 20, Anon (South Africa - Semi-arid climate), 10 Aug 19, Sam (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 13 Nov 19, anon (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate), 13 Jul 20, Elizabeth (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate). Position. These farmers plant much later than those up north, and with May/ June planting, the plants are unlikely to become big enough to vernalise before the cold is over. Bulbing onions usually need about six months to fully mature to harvest. Planting Method. They can be harvested at about the same time, however, because this is determined by day length. Growing Onion. (See Moon Gardening to learn how to maximise your harvest by planting in harmony with nature’s rhythms). Easy to grow. Allow onions to dry before storing. Yes. The plants should be 5-7mm in diameter at the time of transplanting or thickness of a pencil. Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. When the summer is very hot and there is little cloud cover, this variety could bulb in December, but this is usually too late for farmers to receive a good price. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. 1. Best planted at soil temperatures between 8°C and 30°C. T. (Best months for growing Onion in South Africa - Summer rainfall regions) S = Plant undercover in seed trays T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings. Bolting When the plants are about 6 inches high, thin them to one plant every 2 to 3 inches. Short-day onions do better in southern climates, where they can grow through the winter, if it's mild enough. Alliums are the earliest seedlings to be started indoors. Planting too early may result in a mature plant by winter that is more likely to produce seed stalks (bolting). Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. They grow all through the year and tolerate the … When to Plant: Early, 4 weeks before last frost free day (end of April to mid-May in Winnipeg) – when soil is workable Days to Maturity:75-110 days depending on variety, green onion tops can be harvested within 3 weeks Where to Plant: Full sun is best in well drained, fertile soil How to Plant Onions: With pointy tip up, place sets in soil and cover with 1″ (2.5 cm) of soil. Bulb-forming onions can be divided into three types: ‘Crystal White Wax’ The small, roundish bulbs of this variety are perfect for … Onions are best planted in the early spring and harvested by the end of the season. Companions. Green onions, or scallions, add a mild onion … The best time to plant seeds: As a rough guide, most seeds take between 6 weeks and 12 weeks to germinate, depending on the type of seed, the season, and where you are in our sub-continent. Fertile, well drained soil with compost dug in. Sun or partial shade. Please read the Sakata Seed Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd Conditions of Sale before ordering seed. Happy community members at a Community Meeting to launch their project. Please click on your region for the vegetable planting guide for that area. Best Time to Sow Spring Onion Seeds/Plant Seedlings. Easy to grow. The hollow seed stalk also extends into the bulb so that even when cut off at the bulb, a hollow area remains in the centre, resulting in very low prices, if you are able to sell these onions at all. Generally speaking, plant onion sets outdoors when the weather is cool—not cold. If an onion is ready and lifting is delayed, bulbs can deteriorate in the soil and even start splitting in the rain. The heavier the onion plant, the less cold is required to cause it to bolt. Day length in the southern regions is classified as ‘intermediate’ and onion varieties that flourish here will not bulb properly elsewhere. It’s possible to sow seeds directly in the garden (or plants onion sets), but starts will move things along much quicker. Seedlings should be top dressed with 350g /m2 ammonium nitrate. Direct sow from early spring through to mid autumn. In South Africa, we are to some extent limited by the varieties available. When to Plant Onions Onions can be planted in the spring and fall seaons. Start seeds in flats indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost date. 2 Start at least 6 weeks ahead of the last frost date. Plants may do well at other You could therefore plant several varieties at the correct planting dates and harvest them as they mature. Although onions are essentially a cool season crop, in South Africa they are planted virtually all year round. Spring onions are versatile in the kitchen and very easy to grow, which makes them a great beginner crop. Spring onions are grown for their edible stem. Onion white rot occurs when the leaves wilt and yellow, or the plant becomes loose in the soil. We usually plant a mix of white, yellow and red onions each fall to have a good variety the following year. This will ensure larger bulbs, allowing you to harvest more bags per hectare. In the Northern regions of the country sowing is normally from February to April, in the central region from April to July and in the Southern regions transplanted from July to October. Onions are either an easy crop to grow or a disaster. Bulb onions varieties/cultivars used in South Africa include Granex types, Hojem, Pyramid, Texas Grano, Caledon Globe, Radium and Starke Ayres. Optimal temperatures for growth are 12°C to 24°C with monthly mean temperatures of between 7°C and 29°C Higher temperatures speed up bulb formation and lower temperatures will trigger flowering. The choice of cultivars is based on fruit quality adaptability and reliability, susceptibility to diseases and pests, plant growth habit, the specific market and the onion planting season. For example, the Western Cape and Eastern Cape have longer daylight hours in summer than the northern areas of the country. In cold short-day areas, sow in April and transplant in July. In fact, they order … Privacy Policy. Choosing Which Storage Onion to Grow . Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area. Vegetable Farming in South Africa Propagation. They can be harvested at about the same time, however, because this is determined by day length. To transplant, score furrows 2cm to 4cm deep in the ground and lay the white part of the seedling in... Spacing. Allium (Onion family) Soil. Sowing. An onion must be lifted and cured as soon as possible when ready for harvesting. At 2-3 weeks of age. Onions should be planted between February and March in this region. Warmer areas are less prone to bolting and crops can be planted earlier and will produce a higher yield. Individual varieties start bulbing at different day lengths, so even varieties adapted to an area will mature at slightly different times. Crystal White Wax. In South Africa these cultivars grow best in the area stretching from Bloemfontein northwards to Musina. When the seedlings are a few inches tall, prick them out and transplant into fresh, peat-free multi-purpose compost. In cold short-day areas, sow in April and transplant in July. For example, you can determine whether you should have planted earlier to achieve larger bulbs and make adjustments accordingly. Seeding costs the least but takes longer before onions are ready. Why Seeds? Onion (Allium cepa) is a bulb plant that has a place with the Liliaceae or lily family and that can develop multiple feet (1 meter) high when it is blossoming. The best time for planting onion seeds outdoors is in spring, as soon as the soil can be worked in your area. 2. Onion Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Place the seeds 1 inch apart. Plan to start your nursery bed according to the dry season of your planting area. This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. Harvest in 25-34 weeks. Long, green stalks and white, slender bulbs are characteristics of green onion plants. Frost tolerant. For example, if you plant the same variety on the same day as your neighbour and fertilise and irrigate it well, while your neighbour does not, your crop may bolt and his not, because your plants have a higher mass at the time of the first cold snap. Beetroot, Tomato, Lettuce, Chamomile and Flax. The main intermediate cultivar is the Australian Brown Skin onion which takes between 250 and 280 days to mature and which can be sown in the area stretching from Kimberley southwards into the Western Cape. The best sowing time is from April to the end of May. For most areas, now is the time to sow seed or plant seedlings and it’s particularly urgent in warmer areas where true onions need a long cool growing season to fully develop. Easy to grow. Plant onion sets (immature onions) 5-10cm (2-4in) apart in rows 25-30cm (10-12in) apart from mid-March to mid-April. In warm short-day areas that are frost free or receive little frost, you can sow in late February and March and transplant when the plants are ready. deep in the soil and approximately half an inch or more apart. Home | Sow seed in a pot or tray of moist seed compost, about 1cm apart. Single Plants: 10cm (3") each way (minimum) Rows: 10cm (3") with 10cm (3") row gap (minimum) Sow and Plant. 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