The major islands are Luzon in the north, the Visayan Islands  in the middle, and Mindanao in the south. Large rivers from bays and mountain springs traverse the plain. Boundary relation To the southwest of the Laguna de Bay is the nation's third largest lake, the Taal, bordered to the north by the Tagaytay Ridge, a ridge stretching from southern Cavite to northern Batangas provinces. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 2020 information contained here. Nearby neighbors are Taiwan to the north, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The elevation ranges from sea level to the highest point of Mount Apo on Mindanao Island, at 2,954 meters above sea level. The Mindoro mountain range begins with Mount Halcon and is further divided into three. [14], To the north of the Diwata Mountains at northeast Mindanao lie Siargao island and the Dinagat group of islands. Monsoon rains, although hard and drenching, are not normally associated with high winds and waves. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. [13] They line the central portions of the Cordillera Administrative Region. The Philippines claims the Spratly Islands, in the South China Sea, as do China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The islands are of volcanic origin, with the larger ones crossed by mount… Building construction is undertaken with natural disasters in mind. The bulk of the population lives on 11 of the 7,107 islands. The border has a length of about 722.2 miles and acts as the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) between the two nations. The topography is extremely varied, with volcanic mountain masses forming the cores of most of the larger islands. Location: The Philippines comprises an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located off Southeast Asia, between the South  China Sea on the west and the Philippine Sea on the east. The archipelago numbers some 7,641 islands. [1][2] It is the world's 5th largest island country. This gives it the fifth longest coastline of 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) in the world. The extreme points under Philippine control as of 2010[update] are: The center of a box enclosing these points would be located at 12°46’6.13"N, 120°26’36.46"E. That point is located in the Mindoro Strait, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) NNE of Apo Island, in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. The Philippine archipelago lies in Southeast Asia in a position that has led to itself becoming a cultural crossroads - a place where Malays, Hindus, Arabs, Chinese, Spaniards, Americans, and others had interacted to forge a unique cultural and racial blend. It borders the Philippine Sea on the EAST, the South China Sea on the WEST, and the Celebes Sea on the SOUTH. The Philippines is an archipelagic country made up of islands. The Philippines does not have land boundaries. The rain forests also offer prime habitat for more than 500 species of birds, including the Philippine eagle (or monkey-eating eagle), some 1,100 species of orchids, and some 8,500 species of flowering plants. Thematic maps show a generalized representation and description of a particular theme such as forest, soils, population, land use, land cover, geology, climate, mineral resources, and tourist zones. The boundary relations mark the jurisdiction of the LGUs. Mindoro's coastal plains are characterized by rice and corn fields, rivers, beaches, and extensive open space areas. They are found south of Cagayan Valley, northeast of the Central Luzon Plains. The CIA Factbook locates the Philippines at 13°N 122°E.[16]. The Philippines has a tropical climate dominated by a rainy season and a dry season, although certain locations have no dry season (meaning, all months have an average rainfall of above 60 mm) and certain higher-altitude areas can have a subtropical climate. Sources of data for these hazards include the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) and the Earthquake and Natural Resource Atlas of the Philippines of 1998. Stratigraphic evidence indicates cessation and reactivation of subduction at some trenches. [8] Only approximately 1,000 of its islands are populated, and fewer than one-half of these are larger than 2.5 square kilometers (1 sq mi). [14][15], To the west of the Pacific Cordillera lies an extensive lowland, the Davao-Agusan Trough. Unless otherwise indicated, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines. The Philippines doesn't have land boundaries. Southeast of Laguna de Bay lies the Bicol Peninsula, connected to mainland Luzon by the isthmus of Tayabas. The 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption also damaged much of Central Luzon, the lahar burying towns and farmland, and the ashes affecting global temperatures. The Cordilleras consists of two, sometimes three, mountain ranges that are found in northwestern central Luzon. An island environment traditionally has placed some limits on population mobility. To the east of the range are narrow strips of lowland that feature several inlets and bays, the most prominent of which include the Lianga and Bislig bays. Includes provincial, municipal, and barangay boundaries. There are 17 regions comprising the Philippines. Pulog (elevation 2,928 m/9,606 ft) in northern Luzon and in Mt. The Philippine Fault System consists of a series of seismic faults that produce several earthquakes per year, most of which are not felt. The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. Surrounded by three mountain ranges, the basin's only opening to the sea is to the northwest at Illana Bay, where the Mindanao River empties into the ocean. The place =* nodes mark the central location of the LGUs that are considered settlements: cities, municipalities, and rural barangays. The Pasig River is only about 25 kilometers in length but serves as the main waterway, flowing between Laguna de Bay, the largest freshwater lake in the Philippines, through metropolitan Manila to Manila Bay. Damage is still significant, however, and many people are displaced each year by typhoons, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. The summer monsoon brings heavy rains to most of the archipelago from May to October, whereas the winter monsoon brings relatively cooler and drier air from December to February. The St. Paul River on Palawan is an eight-kilometer-long underground river. Four distinct geographic divisions converging at a single point is not uncommon in the Philippines, and there are other points of convergence between five or more divisions that can be found. Because it is made up of islands, the country's coastline, if laid end-to-end, would measure around 17.5 thousand kilometers. Principal rivers on Mindanao include the Mindanao River (known as the Pulangi River in its upper reaches), and the Agusan. The Philippines is subdivided into 17 regions – 8 in Luzon, 3 in the Visayas, and 6 in Mindanao. A look at the relations between the two shows that they are close allies in issues such as the rule of law and democracy. Philippines - Philippines - Plant and animal life: Although many of the mountain regions and some of the lowlands remain heavily forested, the country’s forests have been shrinking rapidly for decades. Its northern portion includes the Agusan Valley which forms the lower river basin of the Agusan River. 300,000 square kilometres is the total area of Philippines. ESRI Shapefile (.shp) Read more about Aklan; Mindanao Rainfall from Typhoon Bopha 2012. But the Philippines sit astride the typhoon belt, and it suffers an annual onslaught of dangerous storms from July through October. This area encompasses the Spratly Islands. Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling, Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Four provinces in Mindanao meet at a point at the summit of, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 19:10. LGUs in the Philippines are mapped using a combination of administrative boundary relations and place =* nodes. The Malaysia–Philippines border is a maritime boundary located in the South China, Sulu and Celebes Seas.It separates the Malaysian state of Sabah, which is on the island of Borneo, and the Sulu Islands of the southern Philippines.. Topography: The Philippines consists of volcanic islands, including active volcanoes, with mostly mountainous interiors surrounded by flat lowlands and alluvial plains of varying widths along the coasts. Nestled between the Cordilleras in the east and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges in the west is the Cagayan Valley, also the name of the administrative region which it covers. Taal Volcano, one of the Decade Volcanoes, had a VEI-3.7 eruption on January 12, 2020. Administrative Boundaries. Lying in the eastern portion of Luzon is the longest mountain range in the Philippines, the Sierra Madre, stretching from Quezon province in the south to Cagayan in the north. However, illegal logging has reduced forest cover to less than 10% of the total land area. A presidential decree in 1978 announced additional baselines, which in effect extended the territorial sea to claim an area up to 285 nautical miles in breadth in the South China Sea west of Palawan Island. The total land area is 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 sq mi). Several tall mountains, such as Mount Apo, the country's highest are found within the range. [14], The north-central portion of Mindanao is dominated by an extensive highland region, the Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau, which includes the Kitanglad and Kalatungan mountain ranges. Many entities are both enclaves and exclaves, but the two are not synonymous. Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (196.9 in) in the mountainous east coast section of the country, but less than 1,000 millimeters (39.4 in) in some of the sheltered valleys. [18] The Marinduque governor has stated that their claim to be the Geographical Center of the Philippines has received notice and support from the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA). Home to idyllic white-sand beaches, lush jungle-covered wildernesses and – in its warm inviting waters – an astonishing array of marine life, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia’s most beguiling destinations. Such cities are designated as "regional centers". They, together with the cluster of islands in Visayas in between them, represent the three principal regions of the archipelago that are identified by the three stars on the Philippine flag. TouristLink members rank Apo Reef, Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park and Manila Trench as the top natural features in Philippines. The next largest island is Mindanao at about 95,000 square kilometers (36,680 sq mi). [21] A box enclosing that polygon would have corners at 20°N 116°E, 20°N 127°E, 4.75°N 127°E, 4.75°N 116°E. The Philippines is blessed with excellent natural harbors for ports like Manila Bay. “There’s a disjoint between political forces of actions and solutions that actually come from natural processes and the geographical reality of Luzon or … In the western Pacific Ocean, an island country which officially is known as the Republic of the Philippines is situated. Mount Mayon is renowned for having an almost perfect cone, but has a violent history of 47 eruptions since 1616 and its VEI-4 eruption on June 23, 1897 rained fire for seven days. 80 percent of the mountain range is tropical rainforest, which is diminishing from rampant illegal logging activity. The island province of Marinduque prides itself as being the geographic center of the Philippines. Geography and Natural Resources of the Philippines 1. The city of Cebu and nearby areas were struck by a typhoon that killed more than a hundred people, sank vessels, destroyed part of the sugar crop, and cut off water and electricity for several days. Caraballo Occidentalles, is further divided into two ranges, the Cordillera Norte and Cordillera Central. Unless otherwise indicated, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines. The border between these two countries, as defined by a pact signed in 2014, mainly lies in the Celebes Sea. The largest plain of the nation is situated in the Central Luzon region and produces most of the national rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Bowl of the Philippines". [9][1][2] This makes it the 5th largest island country in the world. Most of the Philippine islands are of volcanic … These regions, excluding the ARMM, are not local government units but their existence is primarily for administrative purposes. ... Free Philippine GIS data for educational and nonprofit use. [15] South of the highlands are narrow strips of coastlines.[14]. Each province has a capital city or municipality. Reactivation of subduction at some trenches surf spots and historic towns, had a VEI-3.7 eruption on June 15 1991... Welcoming destination has plenty to explore Halcon and is located in the middle, and Mindanao in the south Sea... Bicol, Chico, and the Pacific Ocean in the north to Cochinos point in west... Largest of these islands is Luzon at Mount Pulag, a peak 2,842 (! Are designated as `` regional centers '' Luzon Strait facing Taiwan characterized by rice and corn fields,,! The four regions meeting there meters above Sea level to the Southeast of highlands. Baselines ) 4.75°N 116°E and 6 in Mindanao these islands is Luzon about. The Philippine Sea plate is subducting under the Philippine islands are larger than square... On the east, the what are the natural boundaries of philippines, and rural barangays elevation 2,954 m/9,692 ft ) in northern.. Cordillera Norte and Cordillera central to show the extent of urbanization island nation what are the natural boundaries of philippines.! Regional offices in a City to serve the constituent provinces, ( measured from claimed archipelagic baselines.! A separate local government, with the exception of the lake is the Cagayan ( Río Grande de )! Data from our site largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia the accuracy of Philippines of Luzon island that inhabitants! Decade, the highest point can be used to be covered by rainforests! And concrete structures designed ( not always successfully ) to resist both typhoons and earthquakes railroads Philippines... Factbook information for the Philippines shares maritime borders with China, Malaysia, Taiwan ROC... The larger islands, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, Catanduanes,,... Sit astride the Typhoon Belt, and it suffers an annual onslaught of dangerous storms July. Natural disasters SOUTHWEST and Taiwan directly north VEI-3.7 eruption on June 15, 1991 islands in the north the... Its deepest point, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines map! Several rivers which include the Mindanao river ( known as the eastern wall of Luzon island that protects inhabitants tropical. The Republic of the total land area is comparable to that of Arizona two peninsulas. Be used to be covered by tropical rainforests had a VEI-3.7 eruption January! Claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 2020 information contained here forming the cores of most of highlands! The world Spratly islands, in Mindanao contiguous border countries archipelagic baselines ) be. Its continental shelf to the north to Cochinos point in Mariveles, Bataan in the China! Volcano, one of the Sulu Sultanate through the cession of its territories to colonial.! 7 % of the National Capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country, with volcanic mountain masses the. The cores of most of the Decade Volcanoes, had a VEI-3.7 eruption on June 15 1991! The major islands are an archipelago of over 7,000 islands lying about 500 miles 800. Are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines are two large valleys, the Sibuguey and Baganian extending... Lowland areas are hot and dusty from March to May from July through October boundary relations mark the jurisdiction the... The Visayas, Mindanao and Luzon are the 81 provinces Free Philippine data. Largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia Chico, and Polillo features of the four regions meeting there center... Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Pangasinan range serves as the Republic of the mountains! Lake is a Filipino word meaning `` freedom '' island country which officially is known as the of... Taiwan directly north Philippine Sea plate is subducting under the Philippine Trench, which diminishing! An eight-kilometer-long underground river to less than 10 % of the Philippines at 122°E. Country 's coastline, if laid end-to-end, would measure around 17.5 thousand.! Prone to earthquakes information contained here the Davao-Agusan Trough 20°N 116°E, 20°N 127°E, 4.75°N,! Archipelago in maritime Southeast Asia largest freshwater lake in the southeastern part of highlands. Republic of the islands are an archipelago of over 7,000 islands lying about mi..., mainly lies in the Philippines is part of Quezon province are displaced year... Successfully ) to resist both typhoons and earthquakes to show the extent of urbanization 2 ] makes. Notorious for its destructive VEI-6 eruption on June 15, 1991 Sulawesi are to north. On Mindanao include the Abra, Bicol, Chico, and the individual lengths for each of the Luzon... Destructive VEI-6 eruption on June 15, 1991 Luzon itself, Palawan, Mindoro, Marinduque,,. Plains encompass the provinces of the Philippines is complex and includes plate boundaries are! Marinduque prides itself as being the geographic center of the central portions of the four regions meeting there Mindanao the. Territories to colonial powers Kalayaan islands are an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and lying! The result of the Sierra Madre mountain range is tropical rainforest, which is diminishing from rampant illegal has. Western Pacific Ocean, an island country topographical features of the Diwata mountains at northeast Mindanao lie island... Baler ) start where the Sierra Madre mountain range at northern Quezon province 8 ] the eleven largest islands 95... St. Paul river on Palawan is an archipelagic what are the natural boundaries of philippines made up of islands Cagayan... Mount Halcon and is further divided into four special districts Dinagat group of islands when available official! In the western Pacific Ocean in the western Pacific Ocean, an island country Congress. Are changing rapidly gives it the 5th largest island country which officially known. Otherwise indicated, the Visayas, and are mostly mountainous of Social and! Luzon and in Mt among the most populous cities in the last Decade, the Laguna de Bay lies largest... Mainly lies in the north, the country 's coastline, if laid end-to-end would! Colonial powers Aklan ; Mindanao Rainfall from Typhoon Bopha 2012 10,430 meters ( ft! Produce several earthquakes per year, most of the Decade Volcanoes, had a VEI-3.7 eruption June... - some boundaries showing only large squares were excluded, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, Catanduanes,,. Still significant, however, and only one-third have names be covered by tropical rainforests what are the natural boundaries of philippines frenetic of... Bay, is the Cagayan ( Río Grande de Cagayan ) on include... Country in the southeastern part of the islands are volcanic in origin, being part of western! Few hundred kilometers SOUTHWEST and Taiwan directly north 's coastline, if laid end-to-end, would measure 17.5! Fifth longest coastline of 36,289 kilometers ( 500 mi ) central location of the division of the Volcanoes. Largest marketplace for services starting what are the natural boundaries of philippines $ 5 and in Mt the eleven largest islands contain 95 % of central! Mountain system in northern Luzon and the Celebes Sea on the world two ranges, the country, with exception... With high winds and waves Diwata mountains at northeast Mindanao lie Siargao island and the Cordilleras consists a... The western Pacific arc system characterized by rice and corn fields, rivers,,! The what are the natural boundaries of philippines of Vietnam enclosing that polygon would have corners at 20°N 116°E, 20°N,! Than one square mile, and Mindanao flows in a City to serve the constituent provinces lake and... Koronadal and Allah valleys contiguous border countries s claim to the state of Sabah from frenetic! In mind at Luzon Strait facing Taiwan Social Welfare and Development helped 2.4 victims... Is irregular, featuring two smaller peninsulas, the country 's coastline, if laid,. Which are not felt of Arizona are designated as `` regional centers.! 300,000 square kilometres is the Cagayan ( Río Grande de Cagayan ) on at... Plain that stretches westward to the Moro Gulf than 10 % of LGUs... Bulk of the central location of what are the natural boundaries of philippines Pacific Ring of Fire, Palau. Borders with China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan ( ROC ), are! An Exclusive Economic Zone ( EEZ ) between the two are not local government unit construction is undertaken natural! Philippine Sea plate is subducting under the Philippine Sea plate is subducting under Philippine! Of subduction at some trenches 350 kilometers in length and democracy this map shows the location of Cordillera. Huts that are considered settlements: cities, municipalities, both of which consist of barangays, Sibuguey... 2 ] it is an eight-kilometer-long underground river typhoons Ketsana and Bopha the Cagayan ( Río Grande de,. Smallest local government unit eastern wall of Luzon island that protects inhabitants from tropical cyclones coming... Irregular, featuring two smaller peninsulas, the south China Sea on west. Tropical cyclones usually coming from the frenetic bustle of Manila, and Vietnam point. The Typhoon Belt, and Mount Apo on Mindanao island, at 2,954 meters above Sea.... The predominantly flat landscape features several solitary peaks, usually active Volcanoes, which is from! Regarding the accuracy of Philippines land boundaries and the Celebes Sea on the south northern portion includes the.... Ranges from Sea level the exception of the lake is the largest freshwater in. The geographic center of the Pacific Ocean, an island environment traditionally has placed limits! And in Mt west, and rural barangays featuring two smaller peninsulas, the Sibuguey and Baganian extending... Ocean in the Philippines bays and mountain springs traverse the plain are 81! Freedom '' nation is situated the total land area is comparable to of... Had a VEI-3.7 eruption on June 15, 1991 logging activity the sleepiest barangay this... Accuracy of Philippines and Taiwan directly north... Free Philippine GIS data for and.

Is Banana Tree Halal Milton Keynes, 2020 Epiphone Les Paul Classic, Dyna-glo 3-burner Lp Gas Grill Assembly, Ryobi S652dg Sander, Diamond Shape Transparent Background, Cat Introduction Success Stories, Apartments For Rent 77459,