The major islands are Luzon in the north, the Visayan Islands in the middle, and Mindanao in the south. Large rivers from bays and mountain springs traverse the plain. Boundary relation To the southwest of the Laguna de Bay is the nation's third largest lake, the Taal, bordered to the north by the Tagaytay Ridge, a ridge stretching from southern Cavite to northern Batangas provinces. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 2020 information contained here. Nearby neighbors are Taiwan to the north, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The elevation ranges from sea level to the highest point of Mount Apo on Mindanao Island, at 2,954 meters above sea level. The Mindoro mountain range begins with Mount Halcon and is further divided into three. , To the north of the Diwata Mountains at northeast Mindanao lie Siargao island and the Dinagat group of islands. Monsoon rains, although hard and drenching, are not normally associated with high winds and waves. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city.  They line the central portions of the Cordillera Administrative Region. The Philippines claims the Spratly Islands, in the South China Sea, as do China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The islands are of volcanic origin, with the larger ones crossed by mount… Building construction is undertaken with natural disasters in mind. The bulk of the population lives on 11 of the 7,107 islands. The border has a length of about 722.2 miles and acts as the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) between the two nations. The topography is extremely varied, with volcanic mountain masses forming the cores of most of the larger islands. Location: The Philippines comprises an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located off Southeast Asia, between the South China Sea on the west and the Philippine Sea on the east. The archipelago numbers some 7,641 islands.  It is the world's 5th largest island country. This gives it the fifth longest coastline of 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) in the world. The extreme points under Philippine control as of 2010[update] are: The center of a box enclosing these points would be located at 12Â°46â6.13"N, 120Â°26â36.46"E. That point is located in the Mindoro Strait, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) NNE of Apo Island, in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. The Philippine archipelago lies in Southeast Asia in a position that has led to itself becoming a cultural crossroads - a place where Malays, Hindus, Arabs, Chinese, Spaniards, Americans, and others had interacted to forge a unique cultural and racial blend. It borders the Philippine Sea on the EAST, the South China Sea on the WEST, and the Celebes Sea on the SOUTH. The Philippines is an archipelagic country made up of islands. The Philippines does not have land boundaries. The rain forests also offer prime habitat for more than 500 species of birds, including the Philippine eagle (or monkey-eating eagle), some 1,100 species of orchids, and some 8,500 species of flowering plants. Thematic maps show a generalized representation and description of a particular theme such as forest, soils, population, land use, land cover, geology, climate, mineral resources, and tourist zones. The boundary relations mark the jurisdiction of the LGUs. Mindoro's coastal plains are characterized by rice and corn fields, rivers, beaches, and extensive open space areas. They are found south of Cagayan Valley, northeast of the Central Luzon Plains. The CIA Factbook locates the Philippines at 13Â°N 122Â°E.. The Philippines has a tropical climate dominated by a rainy season and a dry season, although certain locations have no dry season (meaning, all months have an average rainfall of above 60 mm) and certain higher-altitude areas can have a subtropical climate. Sources of data for these hazards include the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) and the Earthquake and Natural Resource Atlas of the Philippines of 1998. Stratigraphic evidence indicates cessation and reactivation of subduction at some trenches.  Only approximately 1,000 of its islands are populated, and fewer than one-half of these are larger than 2.5 square kilometers (1 sq mi). , To the west of the Pacific Cordillera lies an extensive lowland, the Davao-Agusan Trough. Unless otherwise indicated, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines. The Philippines doesn't have land boundaries. Southeast of Laguna de Bay lies the Bicol Peninsula, connected to mainland Luzon by the isthmus of Tayabas. The 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption also damaged much of Central Luzon, the lahar burying towns and farmland, and the ashes affecting global temperatures. The Cordilleras consists of two, sometimes three, mountain ranges that are found in northwestern central Luzon. An island environment traditionally has placed some limits on population mobility. To the east of the range are narrow strips of lowland that feature several inlets and bays, the most prominent of which include the Lianga and Bislig bays. Includes provincial, municipal, and barangay boundaries. There are 17 regions comprising the Philippines. Pulog (elevation 2,928 m/9,606 ft) in northern Luzon and in Mt. The Philippine Fault System consists of a series of seismic faults that produce several earthquakes per year, most of which are not felt. The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. Surrounded by three mountain ranges, the basin's only opening to the sea is to the northwest at Illana Bay, where the Mindanao River empties into the ocean. The place =* nodes mark the central location of the LGUs that are considered settlements: cities, municipalities, and rural barangays. The Pasig River is only about 25 kilometers in length but serves as the main waterway, flowing between Laguna de Bay, the largest freshwater lake in the Philippines, through metropolitan Manila to Manila Bay. Damage is still significant, however, and many people are displaced each year by typhoons, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. The summer monsoon brings heavy rains to most of the archipelago from May to October, whereas the winter monsoon brings relatively cooler and drier air from December to February. The St. Paul River on Palawan is an eight-kilometer-long underground river. Four distinct geographic divisions converging at a single point is not uncommon in the Philippines, and there are other points of convergence between five or more divisions that can be found. Because it is made up of islands, the country's coastline, if laid end-to-end, would measure around 17.5 thousand kilometers. Principal rivers on Mindanao include the Mindanao River (known as the Pulangi River in its upper reaches), and the Agusan. The Philippines is subdivided into 17 regions – 8 in Luzon, 3 in the Visayas, and 6 in Mindanao. A look at the relations between the two shows that they are close allies in issues such as the rule of law and democracy. Philippines - Philippines - Plant and animal life: Although many of the mountain regions and some of the lowlands remain heavily forested, the country’s forests have been shrinking rapidly for decades. Its northern portion includes the Agusan Valley which forms the lower river basin of the Agusan River. 300,000 square kilometres is the total area of Philippines. ESRI Shapefile (.shp) Read more about Aklan; Mindanao Rainfall from Typhoon Bopha 2012. But the Philippines sit astride the typhoon belt, and it suffers an annual onslaught of dangerous storms from July through October. This area encompasses the Spratly Islands. Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling, Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Four provinces in Mindanao meet at a point at the summit of, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 19:10. LGUs in the Philippines are mapped using a combination of administrative boundary relations and place =* nodes. The Malaysia–Philippines border is a maritime boundary located in the South China, Sulu and Celebes Seas.It separates the Malaysian state of Sabah, which is on the island of Borneo, and the Sulu Islands of the southern Philippines.. Topography: The Philippines consists of volcanic islands, including active volcanoes, with mostly mountainous interiors surrounded by flat lowlands and alluvial plains of varying widths along the coasts. Nestled between the Cordilleras in the east and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges in the west is the Cagayan Valley, also the name of the administrative region which it covers. Taal Volcano, one of the Decade Volcanoes, had a VEI-3.7 eruption on January 12, 2020. Administrative Boundaries. Lying in the eastern portion of Luzon is the longest mountain range in the Philippines, the Sierra Madre, stretching from Quezon province in the south to Cagayan in the north. However, illegal logging has reduced forest cover to less than 10% of the total land area. A presidential decree in 1978 announced additional baselines, which in effect extended the territorial sea to claim an area up to 285 nautical miles in breadth in the South China Sea west of Palawan Island. The total land area is 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 sq mi). Several tall mountains, such as Mount Apo, the country's highest are found within the range. , The north-central portion of Mindanao is dominated by an extensive highland region, the Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau, which includes the Kitanglad and Kalatungan mountain ranges. Many entities are both enclaves and exclaves, but the two are not synonymous. Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (196.9 in) in the mountainous east coast section of the country, but less than 1,000 millimeters (39.4 in) in some of the sheltered valleys.  The Marinduque governor has stated that their claim to be the Geographical Center of the Philippines has received notice and support from the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA). Home to idyllic white-sand beaches, lush jungle-covered wildernesses and – in its warm inviting waters – an astonishing array of marine life, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia’s most beguiling destinations. Such cities are designated as "regional centers". They, together with the cluster of islands in Visayas in between them, represent the three principal regions of the archipelago that are identified by the three stars on the Philippine flag. TouristLink members rank Apo Reef, Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park and Manila Trench as the top natural features in Philippines. The next largest island is Mindanao at about 95,000 square kilometers (36,680 sq mi).  A box enclosing that polygon would have corners at 20Â°N 116Â°E, 20Â°N 127Â°E, 4.75Â°N 127Â°E, 4.75Â°N 116Â°E. The Philippines is blessed with excellent natural harbors for ports like Manila Bay. “There’s a disjoint between political forces of actions and solutions that actually come from natural processes and the geographical reality of Luzon or … In the western Pacific Ocean, an island country which officially is known as the Republic of the Philippines is situated. Mount Mayon is renowned for having an almost perfect cone, but has a violent history of 47 eruptions since 1616 and its VEI-4 eruption on June 23, 1897 rained fire for seven days. 80 percent of the mountain range is tropical rainforest, which is diminishing from rampant illegal logging activity. The island province of Marinduque prides itself as being the geographic center of the Philippines. Geography and Natural Resources of the Philippines 1. The city of Cebu and nearby areas were struck by a typhoon that killed more than a hundred people, sank vessels, destroyed part of the sugar crop, and cut off water and electricity for several days. Caraballo Occidentalles, is further divided into two ranges, the Cordillera Norte and Cordillera Central. Unless otherwise indicated, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines. The border between these two countries, as defined by a pact signed in 2014, mainly lies in the Celebes Sea. The largest plain of the nation is situated in the Central Luzon region and produces most of the national rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Bowl of the Philippines".  This makes it the 5th largest island country in the world. Most of the Philippine islands are of volcanic … These regions, excluding the ARMM, are not local government units but their existence is primarily for administrative purposes. ... 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